What is in a wine? Fruit, Acidity, and Tannin


There are two main components of white wine : Fruit and Acidity.

The ratio of these two components determine if the wine is balanced for your taste. Sometimes, a wine will have too much fruit and/or too much acidity and the wine will be unbalanced.

Fruit is how much fruit aromas you perceive in the wine. In a lot of wines, you can find so many different fruit flavours…strawberry, blackberry, etc.

Acidity is the tartness that you feel in wine that makes your mouth water. Its the same tartness you feel when you eat a lemon.

White wine analysis

There are three main components of red wine : Fruit, Acidity, and Tannin.

With all wines, you must determine what your balance is. Some people prefer wines that may be more acidic, or more tannic, etc.

Tannin - is what makes your mouth feel dry after drinking certain red wines. Tannins are prevalent in general only in red wine as they come from the skins, stems, and seeds of the grapes. They give the wines structure, and act as a preservative to keep the wine from aging.

Tannin adds an important texture to the wine. We like to think of it like fabric…a wine can have silky tannins, velvety tannins, and rough tannins. 

Red Wine-4

As mentioned in Course 1, each grape varietal has a different set of characteristics (as we call them fingerprints) that stay the same no matter where the wine is come. In the same way, certain grapes have more or less of certain components than others.

For example, Syrah inherently has much more tannin than Pinot Noir. We’ve attempted to map these varietals for you. Here is a taste, and you’ll see more in the guided tastings!